Ibiza is with an area of 572 km ² the third largest island of the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands.
The southern island of Formentera and numerous smaller islands and uninhabited rock island of Ibiza is the group of Ibiza and Formentera. The official languages are Spanish and Catalan, which is called Ibizenk on the island predominant Catalan dialect. The island has 134,460 inhabitants, the number of foreigners is about 20 percent of the German population share is around 3 percent. Since 2001 the number of people living permanently on Ibiza has increased by more than 50 percent. The largest towns are the capital Ibiza Town. With a population of 50,000, Santa Eulalia (34,000 inhabitants), Sant Josep de sa Talaia (24,000 inhabitants) and Sant Antoni de Portmany (approximately 22,000 inhabitants).
Ibiza is traditional holiday destination of the international jet set and the island of the “rich and famous”. Since the 1990s, the island is also a meeting place for the young and young at heart that enjoys themselves at night in the numerous metropolitan area nightclubs.
The Balearics are the continuation of the blasted rock Andalusian Mountains, which stretches from Gibraltar across the Sierra Nevada. An approximately 1500 meters deep undersea trench separates the islands from the mainland. The Ibiza and Formentera, as well as the Balearic Islands, a private shelf.
Ibiza is a hilly island with inside rugged coastline, which is interrupted by sandy coves. The coastline is approximately 210 kilometers. The island is located about 90 kilometers east of the Spanish mainland.
Ibiza has the most balanced climate of the Balearic Islands. The average temperature in summer is around 26 ° C, in winter they reach very mild 12 ° C.
Infrastructure, Transport and Management on Ibiza
Storm of Ibiza. Bay of Sant Vicent. Pine forests, mountains, the sea and far-flung villas characterize the image of Ibiza. Die three main settlements of the island of Ibiza, in addition to the places of the capital Ibiza Santa Eulalia and Sant Antoni de Portmany. The settlements usually have their own ports and berths for yachts and boats.
In contrast to the surroundings of the capital Ibiza, in which also the Ibiza International Airport is that colonization of other regions of the island is characterized more by hamlets and isolated farms. Individual and scattered across the country House are typical of the Ibiza countryside.
Ibiza town and surrounding area
Eight miles east of the airport is the island’s capital Ibiza Town. In the picturesque town and the harbor area, there are numerous restaurants and shops, many entertainment venues and nightlife of Ibiza with known, expensive nightclubs and bars. In the city there is no beach and only relatively few, mostly small tourist accommodation.
Four kilometers from the capital of the resort of Platja d’en Bossa is, which offers miles of sandy beach with good water sports facilities. One can find, among other numerous set on family vacation vacation clubs. Due to many nightclubs, restaurants, bars and shops is provided here for variety. By bus you can get to by locals and tourists alike popular sandy beach at Las Salinas.
The good roads through the landscape strongly characterized by hills.
In mid-July 2005, started the construction of a highway between the airport and Ibiza. Crossings, there are still barely on the island. Here reference is made to the roundabout solution for decades.
A stir was caused in September 2005 a plan of management, according to a six-lane highway will be built across the island. Prominent residents of the island as soccer star Zinedine Zidane have spoken out against such a construction.
Ibiza Sant Antoni de Portmany Sant Josep de sa Talaia Santa Eulalia
In the Middle Ages owed to Ibiza Ses Salines salt fields in the southwest to the airport, a certain prosperity. The salt fields were to the 19th Century common property and each Ibicenco was obliged to contribute to the management of salt fields.
The interior of the island is used for agriculture and livestock, especially sheep. Until the mid-1960s, farmers produced the island self-sufficient for their own use and only a small portion for export.
The island was first discovered in the 1930s by British tourists. Through the Spanish Civil War and a short time later by the Second World War but tourism came quickly to a halt. Although shortly after the war returned the first tourists back to the island, but only in the 1970s, tourism has developed to a greater extent.
Today, the low agricultural production is no longer sufficient to feed the island itself, so most goods have to be imported from the mainland. As on the other Balearic Islands tourism is the main source of income Ibicencos, even if it does not reach the excesses as in Mallorca. In 2002 the island was visited by 1.5 million tourists, nearly half of whom were British holidaymakers, followed by German, Italian and French.
The largest nightclubs in Ibiza:
Privilege, Sant Rafel: Privilege is having a capacity of around 14,000 people, the largest nightclub in the world . In the peak season from July to August is on average 10,000 guests per night on the dance halls. In the 1970s and 1980s was still called Ku Privilege and was a meeting place of the international jet set.
Amnesia, Sant Rafel: Founded in 1970, it now offers approximately 5000 people place. Amnesia was selected as part of the Winter Music Conference as “Best Global Club” for the years 2006, 2007 and 2008. The most popular DJs Armin van Buuren, Paul van Dyk, Sven Väth, Richie Hawtin , Tiësto, Marco Carola, Carl Cox, Marco V and Paul Oakenfold.
Es Paradis, Sant Antoni de Portmany: It’s paradise, with a capacity of 1675 people in the smallest of the popular large clubs in Ibiza. It is well known for its parties Twice As Nice and Tidy Vs Extreme Euphoria. Es Paradis is mainly visited by British
Eden, Sant Antoni de Portmany: The Eden is one of the youngest clubs in Ibiza. It was created in 1999 from the Club Kaos and fired it into a new building in order. The nightclub is located in San Antonio directly on the beach promenade and adjacent to the club Es Paradis. The Eden is mostly frequented by visitors from the UK.
Space, Sant Jordi de ses Salines: The Space Within walking distance to the famous Playa d’en Bossa beach, the beach of the party-goers. The club has to offer as the other famous discos of the island’s many series of events with famous DJs, among other things, We love Space. Every Tuesday, Carl Cox Revolution with another party series. The Space received at the International Dance Music Awards as Best Global Club in 2005 and again in 2006. 2011 was named the space by a reader survey of the music magazine DJ Mag best club in the world.
Pacha Ibiza: Pacha is not only the only major club in Ibiza.
Pacha also the only club that is open all year. With a capacity of around 3000 people, however it is one of the smaller clubs. Has become known primarily for his Pacha Party ranks Swedish House Mafia, David Guetta’s Me I’m Famous and Erick Morillo’s Subliminal Sessions. The all famous trademark, the club is its logo, consisting of two interconnected cherries.
Between 2000 and 1600 BC, developed in the Balearic Islands, the Talayotic. The talayots were stone towers that served as watchtowers and places of worship. In contrast to the neighboring islands, however, it has been found in Ibiza and Formentera no remains of such buildings. The cave paintings in Ses Fontenelle in Sant Antoni and the megaliths of Ca Na Costa Formentera indicate, however, that the Pitiuses had also been settled by this time. There were probably Iberian pastoralists who developed the island first.
In the year 654 BC the Phoenicians founded Carthage on the east side of the harbor of Ibiza, a colony which they named Ibes or Ebusim, possibly after the Phoenician god Bes. Other Views carry the name of the island to the Phoenician “i busim” back, which would mean “island of prosperity odor” or “smell island”. The city of Ibiza and had the right of coinage was an important trading port. The Phoenicians exploited from the rich salt deposits and the lead mines near Sant Carles. The necropolis of Puig des Molins is known as the most important Phoenician burial ground.
Near Sant Vicent de sa Cala, 1907, the cave temple was discovered Culleram who was dedicated to the goddess Tanit. Hannibal is said to have been the local historiography, according born on the island of Sa Conillera in Sant Antoni. Officially, he saw the light of day in Carthage, but it is guaranteed that Hannibal’s campaign against Rome, the infamous stone thrower Els Foners Balears carried with him, the Balearic Islands its name have given.
123 BC, the Balearic Islands were conquered by the Roman general Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus. The Romans called Ibiza Town Ebesus. As a confederate city they could retain a degree of autonomy. So they needed, for example to pay no tribute, and could continue to exercise the right of coinage. 70 BC Ebesus was incorporated into the Roman Empire under the name Flavia Augusta. Emperor Vespasian had to expand the economy and infrastructure of the island. The ports Portus Salarius on Formentera and Portus Magnus were built.
The neighboring island of Ibiza in the south received from the Romans the name Frumentaria . Due to the fertile soil and abundant freshwater resources at the time they served as a granary.
380 AD, Christianity became the state religion of the Romans. Thus, the Balearic Islands were Christianized. 391 Theodosius issued prohibiting all pagan cults. Only a few years later broke the Roman Empire in the West and the Eastern Empire.
Invasion of the Vandals
In the 5th Century, the Vandals invaded Gunderich to Ibiza before. 426 of them, the island was completely devastated. Only 533/534 succeeded the Byzantine general Belisarius the expulsion of the vandals. Ibiza came under the suzerainty of Byzantium. From this time, however, little is known.
The Moorish domination 711 the Moors captured by the commander Tarik Spain, but a few years before they landed on the Balearic Islands. 711 Ibiza was first conquered by the Moors. They called the island Yabisa.
But it was not until the early 10th Century until the Moors were able to stabilize their power in Ibiza, especially since the island 859 a raid of the Vikings fell victim. The Moors called it Las Islas Baleares Orientales de Al-Andalus. They were part of the Caliphate of Córdoba. 1009 were independent of the Balearic Islands located in the coastal town of Dénia Kingdom.
Around this time, but also increased the attacks of Arab pirates who operated mainly out of Mallorca and Menorca. 1114 was therefore the objective of Balearic Catalan Pisan-punitive. Palma de Mallorca has been completely destroyed
But the Islamic rule over Ibiza able to keep going for years. 1203 sat on the Balearic Islands, the Almoravids established that resided there until 1235
The Catalan conquest 1229 Majorca conquered the Christians back during the Reconquista. Under the king of Aragon, James I the Conqueror command, besieged the Medina Yabisa by Guillermo de Montgri, the archbishop of Tarragona. According to legend, the Christians were able to take the city very quickly, because the reigning Sultan Yebusah his brother had been taken and seduces the favorite slave. In revenge, the brother left the Christians in the city. Ibiza was divided among the conquerors, which included also the Montgrí Infant of Portugal, Don Pedro and the Count of Roussillon Don Nuno Sans. Catalan is introduced as a language on the island.
The Kingdom of Majorca James II in 1256 called the Kingdom of Majorca, which included next to the Balearic Islands and Roussillon and Montpellier. In 1299 he founded the University in Ibiza, an authority to administer public affairs. The Pityusen decreed that a limited autonomous administration, the 19th to the Century remained.
The Kingdom of Majorca in 1349 but fell back to Aragon after Jaume III. was killed by Peter IV of Aragon. With the marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon, it finally came to the agreement of Spain. Granada fell in 1492, the last position of the Moors in Spain. This ended the 500 year-long Reconquista.
The Ibizan Corsairs
Ibiza Town from the air end of the 15th Century the Genoese Christopher Columbus sailed across the Atlantic to find a new sea route to India. By the discovery of the New World lost the Mediterranean trade and thus the Balearic Islands in importance. The interest of the Spanish crown in Ibiza and Formentera subsided.
As the islands were now almost unattached, they are now attracted the attention of pirates themselves, who were mainly specialized in kidnapping. Formentera was completely depopulated during the period and until the 17th Century resettled. Historians suggest that the Ibicencos so they built their villas so far apart because large settlements attracted the attention of pirates themselves. However, the population was decimated by the numerous wars.
For protection against the pirates Ibicencos built watchtowers. Each watchtower standing with another in sight. By fire sign the messages about the approaching pirates could be passed quickly and the population could take refuge in the fortified churches that were built during this time
Under Philip II, the son of Charles V, the walls of Ibiza town was started in 1556 with the construction. The impressive walls still encircle the old town Dalt Vila, and after Dalt Vila was declared in 1999 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, it has been carefully renovated and restored.
The continued pirate attacks, but also the Spanish Inquisition, which persecuted mercilessly any deviation from the Catholic faith, the Ibicencos finally brought so much in economic hardship that they went into offensive and crossed the Mediterranean on the hunt for enemy ships.
The Korsarentum flourished until the 19th Century. It was not until the conquest of Algiers by the French ended piracy in the Mediterranean. The most famous corsairs were the Ibizan Antonio Riquier Arabi. He brought more than 100 ships, including the heavily armed British brig Felicity. His honor was erected an obelisk in the port of Ibiza Town. Escort Ibiza welcome you.